Refined Immunochemical Characterization in Healthy Dog Skin of the Epidermal Cornification Proteins, Filaggrin, and Corneodesmosin
Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry 2019; 67(2) 85-97
PIN D., PENDARIES V., ALASSANE SK., FROMENT C., AMALRIC N., CADIERGUES MC., SERRE G., HAFTEK M., VIDÉMONT E., SIMON M. (2019)
University of Lyon, VetAgro Sup, UP Interaction Cellules Environnement, Marcy l’Etoile, France.
UDEAR, INSERM, University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, University of Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, Toulouse, France.
Department of Dermatology, Department of Clinical Sciences, National Veterinary School of Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
LBTIT, CNRS-University of Lyon 1, Lyon, France.
Synelvia, Labège, France.
Filaggrin (FLG) and corneodesmosin (CDSN) are two key proteins of the human epidermis. FLG loss-of-function mutations are the strongest genetic risk factors for human atopic dermatitis. Studies of the epidermal distribution of canine FLG and CDSN are limited. Our aim was to better characterize the distribution of FLG and CDSN in canine skin. Using immunohistochemistry on beagle skin, we screened a series of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for human FLG and CDSN. The cross-reactive mAbs were further used using immunoelectron microscopy and Western blotting. The structure of canine CDSN and FLG was determined using publicly available databases. In the epidermis, four anti-FLG mAbs stained keratohyalin granules in the granular keratinocytes and corneocyte matrix of the lower cornified layer. In urea-extracts of dog epidermis, several bands corresponding to proFLG and FLG monomers were detected. One anti-CDSN mAb stained the cytoplasm of granular keratinocytes and cells of both the inner root sheath and medulla of hair follicles. Dog CDSN was located in lamellar bodies, in the extracellular parts of desmosomes and in corneodesmosomes. A protein of 52 kDa was immunodetected. Genomic DNA analysis revealed that the amino acid sequence and structure of canine and human CDSN were highly similar.
© 2018 The Author(s)
KEYWORDS: atopic dermatitis, differentiation, keratinocyte, skin, veterinary medicine