OSM

OSM (Oncostatin M) secreted by skin infiltrating T lymphocytes is a potent keratinocyte activator involved in skin inflammation

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These results demonstrate that OSM and its receptor play an important role in cutaneous inflammatory responses in general and that the specific effects of OSM are associated with distinct inflammatory diseases depending on the cytokine environment.
moclobemide

Moclobemide attenuates anoxia and glutamate induced neuronal damage in vitro independently of interaction with glutamate receptors subtypes

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The present study examined the in vitro effects of the antidepressant and type-A monoamine oxidase inhibitor, moclobemide, in neuronal-astroglial cultures from rat cerebral cortex exposed to anoxia (for 5 and 7 h) or to glutamate (2 mM for 6 h), two in vitro models of brain ischemia.
beta-sitosterol

in vitro effects of polyphenols from cocoa and beta-sitosterol on the growth of human prostate cancer and normal cells

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The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of different cocoa polyphenols extracts, alone or combined with beta-sitosterol, on two human prostate cancer cell lines (nonmetastatic 22Rv1 cells and metastatic DU145 cells) and a normal human prostate cell line (RWEP-1)
IL10

Keratinocytes as targets for IL10-related cytokines : a putative role in psoriasis pathogenesis

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In this review, we discuss recent knowledge about the effects of cytokines of the IL-10 family on keratinocytes and their potential role in psoriasis, a cutaneous inflammatory disease.
UV-induced

Alternative (non-animal) methods for cosmetic testing: current status and future prospects – UV-induced effects

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Cosmetic ingredients and mixtures of ingredients absorbing UV light (in particular UV filter chemicals used, for example, to ensure the light stability of cosmetics or used in sun protection products) should be tested for acute phototoxic and photogenotoxic potential.
acute toxicity

Alternative (non-animal) methods for cosmetic testing: current status and future prospects – Acute toxicity

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From the regulatory point of view, the main objective of acute toxicity testing is basically to classify chemicals according to their intrinsic toxicity
lipidocolloid dressing

Stimulation of the proliferation of human dermal fibroblasts in vitro by a lipidocolloid dressing

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The effect of Urgotul on normal human dermal fibroblast proliferation was studied in vitro and compared with that of two other dressing: Mepitel and Tulle Gras.
IL-22

IL-22 inhibits epidermal differentiation and induces proinflammatory gene expression and migration of human keratinocytes

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IL-22 belongs to a family of cytokines structurally related to IL-10, including IL-19, IL-20, IL-24, and IL-26. In contrast to IL-10, IL-22 has proinflammatory activities. IL-22 signals through a class II cytokine receptor composed of an IL-22-binding chain, IL-22RA1, and the IL-10RB subunit, which is shared with the IL-10R.
gene expression

Comparison of gene expression profiles in human keratinocyte mono-layer cultures, reconstituted epidermis and normal human skin; transcriptional effects of retinoid treatments in reconstituted human epidermis

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In order to validate a model for predictive screening of dermatological drugs, we used a customized cDNA macro-array system containing 475 skin-related genes to analyze the gene expression patterns in human keratinocytes from different origins.
phototoxicity

Development of a highly sensitive in vitro phototoxicity assay using the SkinEthic reconstructed human epidermis

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The reconstituted human epidermis model SkinEthic was used to evaluate the phototoxicity of topically applied chemicals.