Multiplex Cytokine Analyses in Ear Canals of Dogs Suggest Involvement of IL-8 Chemokine in Atopic Otitis and Otodectic Mange—Preliminary Results
Animals 2022, 12, 575
LECRU LA., COMBARROS D., MOOG F., MARINOVIC L., KONDRATJEVA J., AMALRIC N., PRESSANTI C., CARDIERGUES MC. (2022)
Department of Clinical Sciences, Université de Toulouse, ENVT, 31076 Toulouse, France.
INFINITy, Université de Toulouse, Inserm, CNRS, UPS, 31059 Toulouse, France.
QIMA Life Sciences, 31670 Labège, France.
Cutaneous cytokines and chemokines are involved in the pathogenesis of human and canine atopic dermatitis. The aim of the present study was to discriminate cytokine expression in the ear canals of atopic dogs with otitis, dogs with non-allergic inflammatory otitis (otodectic mange) and healthy non-atopic dogs. The ear canals of nine atopic dogs suffering from non-infected otitis externa (n = 14 ears), 10 healthy dogs suffering from otodectic mange (n = 20 ears) and 21 healthy controls (39 ears) were swabbed. The concentrations of a panel of 13 cytokines and chemokines on the aural surface were measured by multiplex analyses (Milliplex Canine Cytokine Panel). In addition, Canine Atopic Dermatitis Extent and Severity Index (CADESI)-04 and Otitis Index Score (OTIS3) scores were used to evaluate the overall status of the dogs. The concentration of IL-8 was significantly higher in the ears of atopic dogs and dogs with otodectic mange compared to those of healthy dogs. Significant increases in the levels of IL-10 were also overexpressed in atopic otitis but at lower rates. The concentrations of interleukin(IL)-8 were positively correlated with the OTIS3 hyperplasia score in atopic dogs. Taken together, these results suggest that IL-8 is overexpressed in atopic otitis and otodectic mange and that levels correlate with the otitis severity in atopic dogs.
© 2022 by the authors.
KEYWORDS: Otodectes cynotis; atopic dermatitis; biomarkers; dog; inflammation; interleukin-8; otitis