Clinical and Microbiological Performances and Effects on Lipid and Cytokine Production of a Ceruminolytic Ear Cleaner in Canine Erythemato-Ceruminous Otitis Externa
Vet. Sci. 2022, 9, 185
MOOG F., MIVIELLE J., BRUN J., OANA DUMITRACHE M., AMALRIC N., LECRU LA., PRESSANTI C., KONDRATJEVA J., COMBARROS D., FANTINI O., CADIERGUES MC. (2022)
Department of Clinical Sciences, Université de Toulouse, ENVT, Toulouse, France.
Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agricultural Science and VeterinaryMedicine Cluj-Napoca,
INFINITy, Université de Toulouse, Inserm, CNRS, UPS, Toulouse, France.
Laboratoire Vétoquinol, Paris, France.
QIMA Life Sciences, Labège, France.
Erythemato-ceruminous otitis externa (ECOE) is the most common type of otitis in dogs and is generally associated with bacterial and/or yeast infections. The performance of an ear cleaner was assessed over two weeks in canine ECOE, associated with a mild or moderate secondary infection, in a prospective open-label study. Forty ear canals with ECOE that did not receive any type of aural treatment and were not cleaned for 7 days were included. Pruritus (PS), 0–3 Otitis Index Score (OTIS- 3) and 0–4 scale cytology (CYTO) scores were assessed on Day (D) 0, D7 and D14. Concentrations of a panel of 13 cytokines on the ear canal surface and the lipid profile of the exudate were measured on D0 and D14. From D0 to D12 or D13, the dogs’ ears were cleaned daily if the secretion score (SEC) was 3/3, every second day if the score was 2/3 and every third day if the score was 1/3. PS, OTIS-3, SEC and CYTO were significantly lower on D7 compared to baseline (-40%, -31%, -36%, -34%, respectively; p < 0.0001). The same parameters decreased further on D14 (-60%, -53%, -61%, -73%, respectively; p < 0.0001) and amounts of interleukin 8 and chemokine KC-like were also reduced compared to baseline (-45%, p < 0.01; -36%, p = 0.3, respectively). The lipid profile was also modified, with a decrease in free lipids and an increase in bound lipids.
KEYWORDS: dog, ear cleanser, erythemato-ceruminous otitis, ear lipids, cytokines, ear infection